Skin Conditions

Acne

Pimple, blackheads, whiteheads – that’s what we know them as but the medical name is acne vulgaris. Acne occurs when a hair follicle that has become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. A clogged follicle is called a comedo and can be open or closed by skin – if it is open it is a blackhead and if it is closed, it is a whitehead.

During puberty, oil production in the sebaceous glands increases, causing acne to commence and be common in adolescents. In women it can present premenstrually and also those who are diagnosed with polycystic ovarian syndrome. In men it can present after sweating excessively in hot weather or after playing sport/going to the gym and for those men whose fathers had acne, there is a high chance it is hereditary. Smoking may worsen acne in both women and men and just as some medications reduce acne there are some that can also bring it on. Genetics and cultural background may also play a role in the chances of developing acne however universally it is triggered by changes in hormone levels.

Sadly, as most of us know, the most common spots for breakouts are the face, chest, shoulders, and back – all the areas that are potentially exposed particularly during the warmer months or when exercising. Symptoms can be mild to severe depending on the individual.

The sad thing is that acne often makes a person lack self-esteem and lack self-confidence but we can show you that acne doesn’t have to rule your life.

We know your self-esteem and confidence will improve along with your cleaning skin, so let us do the work, stop worry about what you have to lose and start focusing on what you have to gain with our proven acne treatment plan.

Age Spots

Age spots, also known as sunspots, liver spots or solar lentigines, are small (but can vary in size), flat, darkened (tan to dark brown) marks on the skin usually appearing on areas that have had the most sun exposure over the years, such as the face, hands, shoulders and arms and are very common in adults older than 50 (particularly those with fairer skin), but younger people can get them to if they spend too much time in the sun.

Ultraviolet (UV) light speeds up the production of melanin, which is the pigment our body produces to give skin its colour.

On skin that has had years of sun exposure, age spots appear when melanin becomes clumped or is produced in high concentrations by overactive pigment cells as an attempt by your skin to protect itself from more sun damage.

Age spots are not harmful and don’t need treatment, but they don’t fade. If you want your age spots to be less noticeable we can lighten or remove them and recommend:

Because the pigment is located at the base of the epidermis — the topmost layer of skin — any treatments you do have must penetrate this layer of skin.

Of course, prevention is always better than cure – avoiding the sun, regularly using sunscreen (we recommend RAD and covering up with tightly woven clothes that covers your arms and legs and a broad-brimmed hat will aid in preventing those age spots in the first place!

Birthmarks

Birthmarks are as they are described – marks that present at birth or soon afterwards.  There are different types of birthmarks and most are harmless and can fade on their own and disappear however not all do.  Those that don’t fade with time include café au lait spots, port-wine stains and sometimes strawberry marks. They are usually harmless however may cause concerns about the aesthetics of the skin for some and these can be treated.

Cafe-au-lait spots are light or dark brown patches that can be anywhere on the body and are very common.  They can be different sizes and shapes and can look  darker on dark skin.

Port wine stains are made of dilated blood capillaries and appear flat and purple to red in colour. They occur most often on the face and may vary in size. Port-wine stains often are permanent however can be treated.

Strawberry marks are blood vessels that form a raised red lump on the skin. They usually look red on light and dark skin although can sometimes appear under the skin, making it look blue or purple.

Campbell de Morgan spots

Also known as red moles, cherry angiomas, or senile angiomas, Campbell de Morgan spots are common skin growths that appear most often on the torso, arms, legs, and shoulders but can develop on most areas of the body. The term senile angiomas refers to the fact that there appears to be a link between these spots and age and are usually found on people aged 30 and older and the number of spots can also increase with age.

Campbell de Morgan spots are bright red in colour, are circular or oval in shape, and can either appear smooth and even with the skin or slightly raised. They are formed by multiplying, dilated capillaries and postcapillary venultes and it’s the collection of small blood vessels that give them a reddish appearance. Genetics may make some people more predisposed to getting these spots.

This type of skin growth is typically not a cause for concern. Bleeding can occur if the angioma is scratched, rubbed, or cut open. If it bleeds often or changes in size, shape, or colour you should see your doctor. If the growth is in an area that is easily bumped, it could lead to regular bleeding and removal may be required.

Campbell de Morgan spots won’t go away on their own but if it causes concern for aesthetic reasons, laser may be a consideration for removal.

Enlarged pores

Skin pores are tiny openings in the skin that function to release perspiration and oil to cool and condition the body. With up to half a million pores per square centimetre on the skin’s surface, the excessive or increased flow of sweat and oil can over stretch the elasticity of the pore, resulting in the appearance of multiple enlarged pores. Pores can become so enlarged that they can create unattractive craters.

Increased sebaceous activity produced during puberty stimulates oil flow particularly on the nose, forehead and chin areas (the T-Zone). Whilst these are traditionally the most common areas for enlarged pores, they can occur anywhere on the body on all skin types and conditions.

Enlarged pores can be seen at all ages and in all ethnic groups and can often appear larger with age. Certain ethnic groups may have larger pores, particularly those of African and Indian ancestry.

Factors that may lead to enlarged pores include:

  • Increased sebum production
  • Hair follicle size
  • Use of products that block the pores of the skin
  • Loss of skin elasticity with age
  • Sun damage
  • Acne